The Biography of the Sultans of Kilwa

71 Chapter 9 The First Fitna of Ibn Yārik In the reign of Sultan Sulaimān ibn Muhammad al-Mażlūm, matters in the sultanate of Kilwa worsened. He was a despot. The people and country suffered terrible hardships because of his tight-sted nancial practices. He made his brother Muhammad ibn Muhammad al-Mażlūm -aka Kawāb-(1) an Emir. His term of ofce as Sultan was one and half years. (1) Kawāb is Persian for junior.