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Sultan Al Qasimi lectures on "Gulf Geographical History"

His Highness Sheikh Dr. Sultan bin Muhammad Al Qasimi, Member of the Supreme Council and Ruler of Sharjah, on Wednesday evening, delivered a lecture entitled "The History of the Geographical Gulf" at the opening of Al Qasimi Publications in Al Tarfa area in Sharjah.

At the beginning of the lecture, His Highness welcomed the audience, thanking them for their presence, in a place that stems from thinking and faith and the words come out to benefit many people who need knowledge and wisdom.

On the reason for choosing "The History of the Geographical Gulf" as a title for the lecture His Highness said that “ the subject is strange to many people and it is comes back to the beginning of life and that God Almighty when creating the universes from its beginnings, and when God created the earth was inflamed and the Big Bang occurred, and everything in these celestial bodies such as the sun, the moon, and others, was inflamed but when it settled in the rotation of the astronomy things began to change, and began many of the surface parts of the Earth moving.

His Highness the Ruler of Sharjah said an example of the movement of the surface parts of the Earth, whic is the Indian Plate split from Madagascar and it began moving north, an extension of Burma, Tibet, and Persia caused earthquakes because this island is still moving, the other example His Highness the Ruler of Sharjah said about Himalayas, which have been removed from the coast, which included Himalayan salt, the salt often has a pinkish tint due to mineral impurities, His Highness also note in these areas have also fossils, which are all similar to fish and shellfish, and all this means that this place was a beach.

On the geography of the Gulf, His Highness explained that the Arabian plate, moved at the same level as the Indian plate from Madagascar, came and struck in the Persian coast, where the map shows the Zagros Mountains scraped part of the mountain during its thrust.

Sharjah Ruler adding that the Zagros Mountains have no bases and roots. They are superficial peaks. Therefore, whenever there are earthquakes in these areas, the tremors are not felt by humans as much as the Sensors.

On the site of the missing part when Zagros Mountains scraped, His Highness ther ruler of Sharjah said: "I thought that the part that turned upside down moved to the area of the so-called stone mountains, the Geological Society of London issued a book from three English universities in which they wrote that the stone mountains are removed from the thrust that took place in the Makran mountains.

Sheikh Dr. Sultan bin Muhammad Al Qasimi said that he did research and bring samples from this part to Sharjah conducted a study comparing the samples to the mountains of KhorFakkan and the surrounding area. The research and comparison did not succeed, even those who studied from the English universities and the Sultan Qaboos University in Oman, which had a conference in 2014, did not reach the right result.

Plates movement and forming

Sharjah Ruler explained that the Gulf was at a time when the snow covered the Arabian Peninsula even the mountains of Persia, and caravans and people were crossing in areas through the rivers and roads in the Gulf, pointing out that the amounts of ice in the Mseela moat, south of Abu Dhabi since 14 thousand years ago.

Added that some researchers who were excavated in these areas found ancient fossils of river crocodiles, indicating the existence of a former river.

About the road to caravans in the Gulf, His Highness the Ruler of Sharjah said: "I presented a doctoral study at the Durham University in Britain, and it was about the “Power Struggles and Trade in the Gulf” a commercial geography and some conflicts, “I was writing in a chapter about the movement of trade in the Gulf and in the Arabic manuscripts it was said that "the trade comes from southern Oman to Tawam, and from Tawam to the Baynunah well, they said also that this road disappeared with the sand that covered it and that the trade comes and goes to the area of the winds between Kuwait and Bahrain”.

Accurate and deep research

"When I saw the map, I found Sharjah, Umm Al Quwain and Ras Al Khaimah with their old names and this study found something different," His Highness said. "Did these maps exist? and returned to what Ptolemy wrote in the period from 100 to 200 AD, and found that the person who wrote these maps called Maxim in Constantinople in Derm, found the Ptolemy manuscript and gave it to a person who draws and then was given maps to the Byzantine Emperor, which he gave to the Vatican, and those maps were in 1294 AD. The maps of the Vatican have not been disclosed, and many of their heritage and possessions have been preserved for the first time in Sharjah.

His Highness the Ruler of Sharjah said that Ptolemy's sources are many: a man named Mirkhoos, the leader of Alexander the Great who entered the Gulf to help the Scouts of India, and Arian, who had a rare collection at Oxford University in 1809.

As for His Highness continued investigation of historical books and ancient manuscripts, Sharjah Ruler said: "These are valuable books in which many facts are drawn to the history of Oman and the history of the Gulf, so I investigate them until they are used.”

Sharjah Ruler reviewed a map that is an old manuscript, of which there are only two copiesm one with His Highness, and the other in Switzerland, showing the places occupied by Darius, the ruler of Persia, and the conquest of Egypt. Darius did not enter Oman and when he heard that Alexander was coming he lift.” These links illustrate many facts in the history of the Gulf found in maps and manuscripts.

Description of the Old Gulf

In describing the Gulf, His Highness the Ruler of Sharjah said that the Gulf was once rich through what Nervos wrote.

Names Origins

His Highness the Ruler of Sharjah explained that the names have existed since then in these maps, which contributed to the knowledge of the trade line and the areas through which it passes, added: "We note that the trade line comes from southern Oman and walks in the valleys, to come to Tawam in Al Ain, and Baynunah well, and this is a way of trade in that time, the other road comes from Sahar and Wadi Al Hoor and then Meliha, and then walk in the valleys until Al Dhaid, and even the area called the Al Dul.

Writing Revised History

His Highness said that Meliha contains Roman and Greek monuments, rich in antiquities. Adding that through this information we can all rewrite the history in a correct way form achieved through maps, monuments and documents.”

Anout Oman history, His Highness said that I have manuscripts and write this period with documents, names and incidents. I write in the history of Oman until we reach the Nabhans, and I have a large stock of the state of the war and they are in conflict with the Portuguese.

His Highness the Ruler of sharjah also referred to his project in writing the history of the Arabian Peninsula, explaining that he began to write 12 volumes in a continuous manner, each chapter 15 to 16 pages, which is a light and simple narrative, His Highness is keen to review the permanent and accurate, and makes himself the critic and the first reader to evaluate his writings.