27 Standing in the background of all this was De Ferriol himself. Eventually, owing to the insistence of Madame Anne Cataro, Fabre’s wife, the Turkish Dīwān approved the travel of Fabre, Marie Petit and the entire mission in Samos through Turkey. From Constantinople, Fabre wrote to his Secretary, Dubies (in Samos) that he was travelling in disguise to Persia together with the Persian Ambassador. This message and the permit for the French diplomatic mission to travel through the Turkish territories, were delivered by Fabre’s Armenian friend, Sufer, who sailed to Samos. Fabre also instructed the mission to travel to Izmir(1) by sea and head from there for the Persian borders. (1) Izmir was formerly known as Smyrna.