The Decline and Fall of The Zand Dynasty

- 60 - when Lotf fled from Shiraz to Kerman, he pursued him with a large army force, which was defeated. King Mohammad Khan Qajar was not forgetful of the position of Sheikh Nasser al-Matroushi when he lent shelter and protection to Lotf Ali Khan Zand and the princes in his company, who also received money and arms. Therefore, he conquered Bushehr. As a result, Sheikh Nasser bin Nasser Al-Zaabi of Bushehr sent his uncle, Sheikh Ghulam, to Shiraz to seek amnesty from the king. But, King Mohammad Khan Qajar instead issued a royal decree[1] appointing Sheikh Ghulam the ruler of Bushehr. To avoid any potential troubles from Sheikh Nasser bin Nasser alZaabi, the Persian government at the end of 1802, decided to send him to India as its ambassador.(6) 1. This is known in Persian as a ‘firman’, a royal mandate or decree issued by a sovereign.